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Its very existence was forgotten until the 20th century. Throughout Asia, rice farmers produce significant agricultural surpluses from terraced, hillside rice paddies[? All three authors agree that the language was used mostly for legal matters such as naming people on their seals, making contracts, accounting, and the like; the script was not used for literature like Mesopotamian script in The Epic of Gilgamesh. But probably the greatest source of amusement for the- people was music and dance. Still, all the evidence suggests that the supposed authors of the earliest Vedas — “Aryan” migrants from Central Asia — did not appear until many centuries after the Indus civilization’s collapse. It is also known as the Indus Civilization because two of its best-known cities, Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, are situated along the banks of the Indus River. The bricks used for the pavements were comparatively of small size and were plain surfaced. The Indus Valley Civilization was at its height circa 2600 – 1900 BCE and was not discovered by historians until the 1920’s when excavations uncovered the city of Harappa. Similarly the cult of Linga and Yoni is also prevalent throughout the country and was taken from the Indus Valley people. The animal sacrifices were quite common. By 1600 BC, the cities were deserted. By means of collective social action and harmonious integration with the natural environment, human beings may have once created considerable economic prosperity without social inequality or political oppression. Forgotten to history prior to its rediscovery in the 1920s, the Indus civilization — as it is more commonly (if inaccurately) called — ranks with its contemporaries, Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt, as one of the three earliest of all human civilizations, as defined by the emergence of cities and writing. If this is indeed the Indus civilization’s achievement, it is among the most noble in all human history. Dr. A.D. Pusalker has greatly admired the town planning of the Indus Valley people and says, “A visitor to the ruins of Mohenjo-Daro is struck by the remarkable skill in town planning and sanitation displayed by the ancients, and as an English writer has observed, feels himself surrounded by ruins of some present- day working-town in Lancashire.”. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. They proceeded to destroy much of the available archaeological evidence. On the basis of these seals and other available material the scholars have suggested that the upper most layer belong to the period 230C-2200 B.C. There is no evidence of a body of literature. The Indus civilization’s economy appears to have depended significantly on trade, which was facilitated by major advances in transport technology. Some of the causes advanced by the scholars are as follows: Firstly, some scholars contend that due to decrease in rainfall, Sindh might have become desert and people might have migrated to some other place. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on the UKDiss.com website then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! Features of Indus Valley Civilization. Both men and women were in the habit of using ornaments. These buildings were probably supposed to be temples, municipal or assembly halls. The buildings were generally erected on high platform to protect them against floods, which seem to have been quite common. At least one street has been traced which is more than half a mile long and at places over 30 wide. In addition to the Great Bath at Mohenjo-Daro, a bath has also been discovered at Harappa which measures 39 X 13 X 8 feet. 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